Required Supreme Court Cases, Constitutional Clauses, & the Kitchen Sink

Here is a starting place or a review place. I took the CED, things I’ve used in class, and experience with grading FRQs to create this. Light gray is a video, yellow is the Constitutional clause that’s important, and blue is other important information)

**August 3, 2022 Note: Roe v. Wade has been overturned, and the College Board has stated they will not use the case on the AP test. I left it in in case anyone wanted to use it!

Required Cases with Description from the CED (Constitutional Clauses highlighted for SCOTUS Comparison)

Federalism reflects the dynamic distribution of power between national and state
Federalism Homework Help Video
MCCULLOCH V. MARYLAND (1819)- This case established supremacy of the U.S. Constitution and federal laws over state laws. McCulloch v Maryland Homework Help
UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ (1995)- Congress may not use the commerce clause to make possession of a gun in a school zone a federal crime. US v. Lopez Homework Help

Provisions of the U.S. Constitution’s Bill of Rights are continually being interpreted to balance
the power of government and the civil liberties of individuals.

ENGEL V. VITALE (1962)- School sponsorship of religious activities violates the establishment clause.
WISCONSIN V. YODER (1972)- Compelling Amish students to attend school past the eighth grade violates the free exercise clause.
Public school students have the right to wear black armbands in school to protest the Vietnam War (Freedom of Expression, Speech) Tinker v. Des Moines Homework Help

NEW YORK TIMES CO. V. UNITED STATES (1971)- This case bolstered the freedom of the press, establishing a “heavy presumption against prior restraint” even in cases involving national security. (Freedom of the Press)
SCHENCK V. UNITED STATES (1919)Speech creating a “clear and present danger” is not protected by the First Amendment. Schenck v. United States Homework Help

Protections of the Bill of Rights have been selectively incorporated by way of the Fourteenth
Amendment’s due process clause to prevent state infringement of basic liberties
. Incorporation Homework Help
GIDEON V. WAINWRIGHT (1963)- This case guaranteed the right to an attorney for the poor or indigent in a state felony case. Gideon v. Wainwright Homework Help
**ROE V. WADE (1973)- This case extended the right of privacy to a woman’s decision to have an abortion. (9th amendment-unenumerated rights) Roe v. Wade Homework Help
The Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms for self-defense applies to the states. McDonald v. Chicago Homework Help

The Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause as well as other constitutional provisions
have often been used to support the advancement of equality.

Race-based school segregation violates the equal protection clause.

Brown v. Board of Education Homework Help

The impact of federal policies on campaigning and electoral rules continues to be contested by
both sides of the political spectrum
CITIZENS UNITED V. FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION (2010)- Political spending by corporations, associations, and labor unions is a form of protected speech
under the First Amendment.

Citizens United v. FEC Homework Help

The republican ideal in the U.S. is manifested in the structure and operation of the legislative

BAKER V. CARR (1962)- This case opened the door to equal protection challenges to redistricting and the development of the “one person, one vote” doctrine by ruling that challenges to redistricting did not raise “political questions” that would keep federal courts from reviewing such challenges. Baker v. Carr Homework Help
SHAW V. RENO (1993)- Majority-minority districts, created under the Voting Rights Act of 1965, may be constitutionally challenged by voters if race is the only factor used in creating the district (Race-based gerrymandering violates the equal protection clause)

The design of the judicial branch protects the Supreme Court’s independence as a branch
of government, and the emergence and use of judicial review remains a powerful judicial

MARBURY V. MADISON (1803)- This case established the principle of judicial review, empowering the Supreme Court to nullify an act of the legislative or executive branch that violates the Constitution. Marbury v. Madison Homework Help

DBQ’s (See how I teach them here)

  • (Unit 1) McCulloch v. Maryland—–> I will do this one first with Federalism!
    • Brutus I*
  • (Unit 2) Marbury v. Madison
    • Federalist 78*
    • Article 3*
  • US v. Nixon (not required but a good place to review the documents)
    • Federalist 51*
    • Federalist 70*
  • (Unit 3) Tinker v. Des Moines
    • 1st amendment in schools*
  • Schenck v. US
    • 1st amendment in wartime*
  • Gideon v. Wainwright
    • 6th *
    • 14th (due process)*
  • **Roe v. Wade
    • 14th (due process)*
  • Brown v. Board of Education
    • 14th (equal protection)*
  • (Unit 5) Citizens United*
    • Federalist 10
    • 1st Amendment

Videos that can help:

The Constitution Homework Help Video

Electoral College Homework Help

Interstate Commerce and the Constitution Homework Help

The Origin of Partisanship Homework Help

(As an aside, I do work for the Bill of Rights Institute, however they do not fund this blog nor do I endorse it only because I work there. I have used all of these in my AP Government class)

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